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Latinos Working in the U.S.

If you’re thinking about , you’ll need to inform yourself well. There are numerous sites that provide interesting facts, suggestions and comments on everything that makes up the American culture and the American way of life (at least from an immigrant’s point of view….) The website aemigrar.com has “everything for the immigrant.” It covers topics such as: Before imigrating: Making the decision | Preparing your trip | The adaptation process | Those who stay and immigrate to: Live| Work | Study | Be illegal. It also discusses several aspects about each of the most wanted places to immigrate. In the section “I want to go to the United States”, you’ll find: Work, Business and Investment | Information about Visa | Housing | Types of Visas | Banking and Money | Transportation | Taxes | Education | Health | View Live Videos | Others. You’ll also find: Free Migration Services: Forums | Blackboard | Events & Scholarships | Stories | Letters of an emigrant | Embassies and documents.

The site answers questions relating to work immigration that include:

 

Q What should your resume include?
Q What kind of work can you perform?
Q What is your expected financial remuneration in a highly developed nation?
Q What is the most common documentation that will be required for the visa?
Q Can you work if your degree is not recognized?
Q Is your education title valid outside your homeland?
Q How can you get a job in another country?
Q Can you get a job abroad?
Q What do companies consider important before hiring an employee?
Q What should you take into account when choosing the country where you would like to work?

Books

There have been several books written about this subject. For example, Mariela Dabbah’s “How to Find a Job in the U.S.: A Special Guide for Latinos” tells of the uncertainties experienced by the author, just as those of thousands of new Latino immigrants who start their life in the United States. The book discusses the fears and doubts that arise from the job search, interviews and methods for finding a job. Dabbah also discusses how to understand the connotations of the language barrier and how Latino immigrants can turn their strengths into an advantage.

There is another book called “How to Live and Prosper in the U.S.: Tips to help you adjust and make your life easier”, by Donna Poisl, who is bilingual. Although the long title is self explanatory, you can read some of the content in Google Books. There you can also find the following titles (in Spanish):

Job Placement of Mexican Immigrants and Latinos in the United States” by Elaine Levine, National Autonomous University of Mexico. Research Centre on North America.

Latino Success: Secrets of the Most Powerful 100 Latin Professionals in the United States,” by Augustus A. Failde, William Doyle

Immigration and Latinos in the United States: Visions and Connections“, by Elaine Levine, National Autonomous University of Mexico. Research Centre on North America

Hispanics in the United States., Immigrants in Spain: a Threat or a New Civilization?“, by Thomas Calvo Buezas

The Mexico-United States Immigration and it’s Feminization“, by Patricia Galeana of Valadés

Hispanics in the United States“, edited by J. Rudolph Cortina, Alberto Moncada

“Analysis and Prospects of Globalization: A Theoretical Debate, Volume 2”, by Ana María Aragonés, Aida Villalobos and Maria Teresa Correa (with a chapter devoted to “Mexicans and other Latino immigrants in the market”)

I’m going to the States: point of view on the situation of Latin Americans in the United States“, by Luis Felipe Ulloa

Finding a Job

There are many jobs boards for Latinamericans in the United States. One is msn.latino – empleos. There is also Hispanic-Jobs.com, which advertises “thousands of jobs for bilingual and
Spanish-speaking professionals.” LatPro.com also offers bilingual and Spanish-speaking jobs and in Acciontrabajo.com you can search by category and state.

Resources

You’ll need to be informed in order to immigrate and work in the United States. The following are vey useful sites in English:

The United States Department of Labor

Employment and Training Administration of the DOL

Foreign Labor Certification

The 2010-2011 edition of the “Occupational Outlook Handbook“, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor, advises, for jobs such as a teacher, lawyer and nurse, what training/education is needed, how much is earned, employment opportunities and working conditions, as well as suggestions for job searches and information on the labor market for each state.

In the State Occupational Projections there are long-and short-term projections on job growth and employment.

The Dictionary of Occupational Titles is essential for understanding the organization of jobs and how each one is called.

The Office of Labor-Management Standards is the federal agency responsible for administering and enforcing most provisions of the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act.

About the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) FAQ, General Information and Internal Revenue Service,( in Spanish), which includes the following topics: General Information | Social Security Number | Individual Taxpayer Identification Number | Criminal Investigation | Identity Theft | Press Reports 2009 | Your Civil Rights are Protected | Tax Topics | Forms and Publications | Residents of Puerto Rico | Taxpayer Advocate | Small Business | Disaster Relief

The Federal Agency for the Development of the Small Business Administration: Information to assist small business owners.

Online Wage Library, Foreign Labor Certification Data Center (online library on wages, Data Center Foreign Labor Certification).

Social Security Administration

In Spanish:

 

Visit these links for more information on Foreign Certification

General Immigration Data

GobiernoUSA.gov: the official site in Spanish of the U.S. Government

Immigration and Citizenship information

U.S. Citizenship and U.S. Immigration Service

Univision.com offers information in Spanish from the U.S. Government  (employment, health, immigration, business, etc.).

U.S. Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration: Wage and Hour Division

Department of Labor and Human Resources of Puerto Rico