Dora the Explorer in the 2010 Census campaign
The tasks related to the 2010 Census in the United States began on April 1 with the questionnaires that were sent by mail. Efforts will continue until late July with door-to-door visits to those who do not return the questionnaire. The official census website contain information (also in Spanish) such as dates, activities, history and questions found in the census. It also states that: “Most of the country will receive only English materials. Households in areas with high concentrations of Spanish speaking residents may receive a bilingual questionnaire (English / Spanish).”
Dora the Explorer, Nickelodeon’s famous bilingual character, is the new spokesperson for the 2010 Census for Hispanic families. She will empathize the importance of counting children and not miss a “historic opportunity.”
This new assessment will show how much data has changed in the last ten years (from the previous 2000 Census). It will also collect information to analyze how many Latinos are living in the United States and their demographic … before the next census.
Numbers: There were 35.3 million Hispanics in the 2000 Census. The Latino population grew by 38% since 1990 while the total U.S. population only grew 9% over the same period.
- Youth: 12.3 million are under 18 years, or 17% of the total.
- Older People: Hispanics make up 4.8% of the U.S. population older than 50 years.
Origin: The U.S. shares approximately 2,000 miles of border with Mexico. More than half of Hispanics in the U.S. are of Mexican origin (60%). The remaining 30% is divided between 5% from Central America, 4% from South America , 10% from Puerto Rico, 7% from the Caribbean and 4% from Cuba.
Self-perception of young people: According to the National Survey of Latinos of the Pew Hispanic Center, more than half (52%) of the Latinos between 16 and 25 years identify themselves by their families’ country of origin… An additional 20% use the terms “Hispanic” or “Latino”. Only one in four – 24% – of the total describe themselves as “American.”
Where do Latinos live: The states with the largest number of Hispanics are California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona, and New Jersey. Moreover, more than half of Latinos within the U.S. live in the states of California and Texas. Also, Latinos are clustered in the towns and urban areas.
Politics: Latinos represent 5.5% of U.S. citizens registered to vote.
Marriage and divorce: 50% of Hispanics over age 15 are married. The divorce rate is lower among Hispanics than among whites.
Poverty: The average poverty level among Hispanics (30%) is similar to African Americans, but significantly higher than among non-Hispanic whites (8.5%).
Jobs: Proportionately, there are more Hispanic women than Hispanic men with administrative or professional jobs. There are 23% of women in managerial and professional occupations (less than all professional women: 36%). Among Hispanic men, 15% had managerial and professional occupations, compared with 31% of all professional. In 2000, 26% of Hispanic men 16 years or older worked in jobs related to production, transportation and material moving, compared with 20% of all men in the country.
- Unemployment: The unemployment rate in the United States on March 2010 stood at 9.7%, but 12.6% among Hispanics in the country, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Business owners: At a national level, Hispanics own about 1.2 million business. New Mexico has the highest proportion (22%), followed by Texas (16%), Florida (15%), California (13% ) and Arizona (9%).
Celebrities: Latinos are represented in all areas: athletes, singers, politicians… Here are some examples: Edgardo and Edgar Alfonso, baseball players, Cesar Chavez, labor leader, Emilio Estefan, music producer, Gloria Estefan, Ricky Martin, Marc Anthony, singers; Sidney Gutierrez, astronaut, Oscar Hijuelos, Isabel Allende, writer; Tabaré Ramos, football player, Antonio Banderas, Jennifer Lopez, Salma Hayek, Eva Longoria, Edward James Olmos, John Legizamo, actors, Gustavo Santaolalla, composer Alejandro Amenabar, director and producer, Bill Richardson, governor of New Mexico, Omar Minaya, general manager of the New York Mets.
Member of the catholic church: Pope Benedict XVI appointed Archbishop Jose Gomez, Mexican, as the successor of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles when the current archbishop retires in February 2011. He will be the first Latino leader of the Catholic Church in Los Angeles.
Language: Over 75% of Hispanics speak a language other than English at home. Almost all (99%) speak Spanish at home. In 2000, 18% of the country’s population 5 years or older spoke a language other than English and most (60%) of them spoke Spanish at home.
Modalities of Spanish: There are four Hispanic dialect regions or areas: the Southwest, predominantly Mexican population; Florida, Cuban-majority, the Northeast, with a predominance of Puerto Ricans, Dominicans and Cubans, although the latter is the most heterogeneous area, which represents all Hispanic origins. And finally, Chicago, which has groups of Mexicans and Puerto Ricans. In short, there are four territories and three major dialects: Mexico (over 60%), U.S. (more than 12%) and Cuba (over 5%).
DECEMBER 2010: By law, the Census Bureau gives the President the population data for the apportionment of congressional districts.
MARCH 2011: By law, the Census Bureau finishes delivering data to the states for the legislative redistribution.